NEW Producer Announcement: Mera Cannabis Corp joins Cannametrics!

We are pleased to announce that Mera Cannabis Corp is now sharing comprehensive batch-level product information and digital assets with you on Producer Connect. The Mera Cannabis Corp brands include: Countryside Cannabis, Avana, Ellevia, and Shatterizer Extracts.

Check out their products on the Products page or send them a message from the Messages page to connect with them directly.

Mera Cannabis Corp's Product Preview

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From Countryside Cannabis

Countryside Cannabis harnesses the power of nature to grow quality cannabis at a great price. Our 100-acre farm is located in St. Thomas, Ontario, nestled between woods and farmland. We care for our cannabis with passion from seed to packaging. Our large farm and top-tier cultivation and extraction teams keep our prices low and our quality high.

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From Avana

Our passion is bringing quality solventless extracts and indoor-grown flower to the Canadian cannabis community, meeting the highest of standards. With all aspects of production executed under our umbrella, we have full control of our product development allowing us to pivot quickly to market feedback.

Producing solventless extracts and cannabinoid-rich flower, because we love cannabis just as much as you do.

As cannabis consumers ourselves, we stand behind the quality of each of our products; we don’t sell anything we wouldn’t buy.

From the rosin press to the flowering rooms, our team is hands-on at every step, ensuring a quality product time after time.

Avana Live Rosin and Hash Rosin are made with 73U – 119U diameter trichome heads, the optimal size for pressing

Avana flower is indoor-grown and hand-tended in small batches at every step of its lifecycle; from harvest to trimming to packaging, we are meticulous at every step to show our premium buds the care they deserve.

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From Ellevia

Dosage to dosage.

Prescription to prescription.

Patient to patient.

The Ellevia suite of products is formulated to fit your needs, day or night, with varying levels of THC and CBD.

Every patient is different. Ellevia products have been designed to help patients identify the right dose for them. Patients who purchase Ellevia are often suffering from chronic pain, sleep issues or anxiety-related symptoms. Ellevia provides options for both daytime and nighttime consumption. Read on to learn more about the Ellevia suite of products.

From Shatterizer Extracts

Shatterizer Extracts has come about as a result of our personal experience as cannabis consumers, and the belief that we are witnessing a great revolution in what we consume, and how we consume. 

As founders, we’ve grown over the years, and as our lives changed and we had families, new jobs, and new hobbies, so too did the ways in which we consumed cannabis, and what we consumed as well.

Whether it’s more discretion you’re looking for, or if you just want to try something new, we are all looking for great cannabis products and companies who love what they do!

We started by building a vaporizer company with a focus on producing great customer experiences with great products. We put customers first and treat people the way we expect to be treated by others. For us, this business is not just a company. We’d like to think we’ve all become part of the Shatterizer family. We hope you feel the same way!

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More exciting announcements coming soon!

What is CBN (Cannabinol)? Here Are the Basics

Although THC and CBD have received most of the attention, cannabis contains many other beneficial cannabinoids. One such compound is cannabinol (CBN).

Unlike most of its cousins, CBN is made through the breakdown of another cannabinoid: THC. That’s why you’ll find more CBN in aged cannabis that’s been exposed to oxygen.

CBN is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid with many potential benefits. But there’s a good deal of misinformation floating around it.

CBN and Sleep: More Myth Than Science

In the past few years, CBN went from relative obscurity to becoming a popular sleep aid.

But this reputation is largely based on anecdotes rather than scientific evidence. It all started when some people noticed that aged cannabis made them more sleepy. Since old cannabis has more CBN, they assumed it was the compound responsible. 

But we don’t know that for certain. According to leading cannabis researcher Dr. Ethan Russo, CBN doesn’t have any notable sedating effects. He believes that aged cannabis makes you sleepy because it contains more sedating terpenes.

Research has also failed to prove that CBN helps you sleep. One 1975 study found that CBN enhanced the sleep-inducing effects of THC, possibly through the entourage effect. But CBN by itself didn’t cause any drowsiness.

Meanwhile, a 2021 review paper criticized claims that CBN has sleep-promoting effects, concluding that “there is insufficient published evidence to support sleep-related claims.” 

The bottom line is that solid evidence is needed before we can confirm that CBN is the rockstar sleep aid some make it out to be.

Other CBN Benefits

Studies have also shown that CBN has other possible benefits, including neuroprotective, anti-inflammatory, pain-relieving, antibacterial, and appetite-stimulating effects.

But more research is needed before we understand its potential uses as well as CBD and THC.

CBN vs. CBD

CBN and CBD have a lot in common. They won’t get you high and boast a long list of potential benefits, many of which overlap. But there are some key differences. 

For one, whereas CBN can increase appetite, CBD seems to have the opposite effect. CBD is also much easier to source because it’s found in large amounts in hemp.

Meanwhile, CBN is a minor cannabinoid that’s typically found in small concentrations in cannabis (unless it’s been exposed to oxygen).

CBN: More Research is Needed

Interest in CBN, CBG, and other minor cannabinoids is growing. CBN is particularly popular as a sleep aid, although it may have other benefits.

But there isn’t much evidence that CBN promotes sleep. If you do want to give it a try, be sure to choose a full-spectrum product that contains CBD, THC, and other cannabinoids. 

The only relevant study found that CBN enhanced THC’s sedation, suggesting that CBN may strengthen the sleep-promoting effects of other cannabinoids.

You won’t find many cannabis strains with significant amounts of CBN. Instead, CBN is usually combined with CBD and other hemp cannabinoids in tinctures, edibles, and other concentrated products.

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NEW Producer Announcement: Origine Nature joins Cannametrics!

Our producer list has another great addition.

Cannametrics welcomes Fleurs de Lise by Origine Nature to the platform!

The Fleurs de Lise line is made up of high-quality, recreational, craft cannabis and is grown carefully and responsibly, based on tried-and-true agricultural methods. Created and produced by Origine Nature, a pioneer in Quebec.
 
Fleurs de Lise is now sharing comprehensive batch-level product information and digital assets with you on Producer Connect.
 

Check out their products on the Products page or send them a message from the Messages page to connect with them directly.

Fleurs de Lise Products

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From Origine Nature

At Origine Nature, our team understands the plant and its needs. Thanks to years of experience, passion and respect for everything we do, we have been able to grow cannabis that makes us proud.

Proudly grown in Quebec
Origine Nature was founded in 2017 and is located in Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts, in the heart of the Laurentians. The company is one of the founding members of the Association québécoise de l’Industrie du cannabis (AQIC).

Our purpose is to make everyone feel great, all we do is to bring happy moments for our employees, our partners, our investors, our suppliers and our families.

Social Consciousness
We want to build connections with our teammates, grasp the value of listening, weave into the fabrics of our corporate culture, and understand that everyone’s story matters. We’re all in this as one! And together, we are stronger.

Passion
We wake up in the morning inspired to go to work and contribute to the growth of this rapidly expanding industry. There’s nothing we won’t do to be number one on the market. We love new ideas and challenges! We Bring. It. On.

Community
This is our own adventure ! We want to share good times and celebrate important milestones with our family and friends. Realizing that we’ve accomplished something so awesome together is much more rewarding.

Street Smarts
Here’s our best piece of advice to our team: know your shit. Our your personal growth. Embrace change. Be on top of your game. Start now. We paved our own way and we’ll keep doing so to shape the future and continue to be the leaders in our field!

More exciting announcements coming soon!

Aqualitas Inc. is growing!

Our producer list has another great addition.

Cannametrics is proud to have Aqualitas’ newest brand, Current, join the platform!

Aqualitas has expanded their offerings! As a compliment to their existing brand Reef Organic, they’re proud to launch Current; a highly curated collective of craft growers from across the country. With exciting new cultivars and innovative formats, these passionate growers consistently deliver top-shelf cannabis sought after by cannabis enthusiasts, just like you. Whether you’re on the hunt for the latest, fresh buzz or an avid supporter of the craft cannabis movement, Current is your new wave to ride home on. 
 
Aqualitas is now sharing comprehensive batch-level product information and digital assets for both Current and Reef Organic with you on Producer Connect.
 

Check out their products on the Products page or send them a message from the Messages page to connect with them directly.

From Current

For the thrill-seekers and the adventurers. The ones who love the chase and savour the catch. When you’re in the mood for a higher-quality high, light into Current – unique, small-batch cultivars specially selected from among the top craft growers across Canada.

For our premier product, we’re thrilled to introduce Layer Cake, by Origin Coast. Licensed in February 2021 for micro cultivation and processing, Origin Coast grows unique cultivars in their purpose-built facility on Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. Led by Head Growers Jeff and Sean, who have a combined 35 years of cannabis cultivation experience, Origin Coast uses soil-less mediums and a bespoke approach tailoring the growing conditions for each cultivar, according to its needs. This results: top-shelf craft cannabis that’s bursting with flavour, and delivers long-lasting effects.

Current and Reef Organic

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More exciting announcements coming soon!

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NEW Producer Announcement: THC BioMed & THC Kiss Join Cannametrics!

We are pleased to announce that THC BioMed  and THC Kiss are now sharing comprehensive batch-level product information and digital assets with you on Producer Connect.

Check out their products on the Products page or send them a message from the Messages page to connect with them directly.

From THC BioMed

THC BIOMED BRAND STORY 

A recipient of a rare exemption research 56 license, THC BioMed is one of the pioneers to research and study cannabis since its founding in 2012 by John Miller. Through years of experience, THC BioMed’s team of experts has perfected the art of cultivating only the highest quality cannabis grown indoors in beautiful Kelowna, British Columbia. THC BioMed passionately grows its strains organically, with the purest of nutrients and without the use of pesticides or other exogenous chemicals. 

We are not just Canada’s oldest licensed producer. We offer a wide variety of medicinal genetics of dried flowers and innovative edible options. Today, our products are accessible to all medical patients around Canada via our web store, and we are present in dispensaries in five Canadian provinces (BC, ON, SK, YT, and MB). THC Biomed is traded on the Canadian Securities Exchange under the ticker, THC (CNSX: THC).

Our focus is to offer customers the highest quality cannabis at a price that is affordable for everyone.

CULTIVATION

Unlike many LPs, THC BioMed cultivates its flowers in small batches, so everything is closely monitored. Growing in such a highly controlled environment gives the company unparalleled power to regulate all aspects of the growing cycle. The plants are only grown indoors in small rooms with the desired light, temperature, and humidity. Each plant is hand watered. There are absolutely no pesticides, and critters are kept away by physical means and tightly sealed rooms. Every lot is subject to Health Canada’s standardized testing requirements.

The process is mainly done by hand, from cannabis harvesting to live flower trimming. The product is laid to dry on trays and further trimmed by hand. After drying, the flower is cured for several weeks before final inspection, testing, and then packaging. 

THC BioMed’s Landrace strains are proprietary strains with genetics that originated from Africa. For consistency, the plant environment is replicated like its origin to achieve the same growth and development as its original natural habitat.

THC BioMed created its unique strain of Landraces by taking two landrace strains (both sourced from each strain, where they have carefully selected the best performing batch in terms of effectiveness and consistency in results) and creating a hybrid strain. The new strain is then introduced to environments that resemble that of both parents as closely as possible. After being subjected to this environment through several generations, THC BioMed created a hybrid landrace. With this method, our hybrid Landraces have a long-lasting and uplifting effect compared with the rest.

THC BioMed Product Preview

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THC Kiss Product Preview

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From THC Kiss

THC KISS BRAND STORY 

THC Kiss is the edibles product line of THC BioMed. When it launched the innovative THC Kiss Beverage Shot in 2018, it became a bestseller among THC BioMed medical clients. So in Q4 of 2020, THC BioMed introduced its edibles product line to the recreational market, THC Kiss, because legend tells that its effects can transfer through a kiss! 

All THC Kiss products are full-spectrum, made with THC Sativa Landrace extraction, and come with a total of 10mg THC. What makes THC Kiss great is it contains just as much THC as higher-priced edibles, and there is absolutely no bitter after-taste! The full effects (body and mind) of THC Kiss can act as quickly as ten minutes from consumption. 

Today, the THC Kiss product line consists of THC Kiss Guava and Mango beverage shots, THC Kiss Strawberry and Orange Gummies, and THC Kiss Cocoa, Shortbread, and Cinnamon Biscuits. The THC KISS beverage and gummies are free of gluten, nuts, and alcohol, while the biscuits are free of nuts and alcohol. 

We believe edible cannabis should be a pleasant and satisfying experience, so we’re working continuously on expanding THC Kiss with more flavors and products, all at affordable price points!

EXTRACTION

THC BioMed uses a unique proprietary extraction method that allows the products to remain full spectrum. The terpenes are from cannabis, so there are no extra terpenes added.

THC BIOMED BRAND STORY 

THC BioMed’s unique selling point is it offers the best possible products for the lowest possible price. 

Check out THC BioMed and THC Kiss

More exciting announcements coming soon!

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A New LP Joins Cannametrics! Welcome, Papa’s Herb!

Our producer list has another great addition.

Papa’s Herb is now sharing batch-level data with over 900 retail stores across Canada! Cannametrics is growing and its partners are taking full advantage of it. Welcome!

Check out their products on the Products page or send them a message from the Messages page to connect with them directly.

From Papa's Herb

The Story of Papa

The story goes like this. It’s 1985. Papa was the king of Miami… Strolling around town wearing his white suit, mesh loafers, and dark shades, chatting up all the ladies. Papa knew everybody and everybody knew Papa. He was the kind of guy you couldn’t help but like – a big personality with a big heart. Papa always remembered your name. A when you needed weed, he’d hook you up. He always had a stash of the good stuff. Papa just loved to share the happiness.

So here’s to Papa.

He’s always sharing the good times.

Brand Purpose

We exist so that every person, no matter the demographic, has access to quality cannabis products, that are also extremely affordable.

Papa’s Herb values honor and integrity. We set a new standard by demanding superior quality matched with fair pricing. Every customer is part of the family, and Papa always protects the family.

Brand Vision

We envision a world where Papa’s Herb is the most dependable and well-known brand around the world for affordable and quality cannabis products.

Papa's Herb Product Preview

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More exciting announcements coming soon!

Let’s Talk About Cannabigerol (CBG)

What is Cannabigerol (CBG)?

CBD and THC are not the only active compounds in cannabis. There are also hundreds of beneficial minor cannabinoids, like cannabigerol (CBG). 

CBG is non-intoxicating so it can’t get people high. CBG is often called the “mother of all cannabinoids” because most other cannabinoids are derived from cannabigerolic acid (CBGa), the acidic precursor to CBG.

The majority of CBGa in cannabis converts into THCa and CBDa, with only a small amount turning into CBG. That’s why most cannabis strains typically contain less than 1% cannabigerol.

But it’s possible to get larger amounts by harvesting plants at a specific time and growing CBG-rich cultivars.

Anti-Anxiety & Antidepressant Effects

Most recently, a 2021 study found that CBG may be particularly helpful for anxiety and depression.

The researchers surveyed 121 people who used CBG-rich cannabis, finding that it was most commonly used to treat anxiety (51.2% of people), chronic pain (40.9%), depression (33.1%), and insomnia/disturbed sleep (30.7%).

Most reported that their symptoms were “very much” or “much improved”, with 80% saying that CBG-rich cannabis worked better than conventional medicine for depression, 78.3% for anxiety, 73.9% for chronic pain, and 73% for insomnia.

Some respondents also noted mild side effects similar to regular cannabis, including dry mouth, sleepiness, dry eyes, and increased appetite.

Dr. Ethan Russo, the lead researcher behind the study and a renowned cannabis expert, believes that CBG has a “strong anti-anxiety effect and for people who have had access to it, this is an almost universal describer of the effects.”

Panakeia Pure CBG Flower (10-16% CBG) by Growtown

Other CBG Benefits

Early studies suggest that CBG also has anti-inflammatory, pain-relieving, antibacterial, appetite-stimulating, neuroprotective, and anticancer properties.

One 2010 study also found that CBG is a potent activator of a2 adrenergic receptors, suggesting that it could have sedative and antihypertensive effects.

While these findings are promising, more high-quality human studies are needed before we can fully understand CBG’s benefits.

CBG vs. CBD

CBG is similar to CBD because they’re both non-intoxicating cannabinoids with potential benefits. They share some properties, like anti-inflammatory, antidepressant, and pain-relieving effects.

Having said that, CBD is more popular than CBG because it’s easier to source and has seen far more research. But minor cannabinoids like CBG are starting to get more attention.

CBG: A Promising Cannabinoid

Researchers are just beginning to examine the potential benefits and uses of CBG. The early evidence suggests that CBG holds promise for relieving anxiety, depression, pain, inflammation, and other common issues.

CBG is naturally present in small quantities in most cannabis strains. That means cannabis enthusiasts may already benefit from its unique properties and synergistic interactions with THC and CBD.

On top of that, the cannabis industry is starting to release CBG-rich products. One such product listed in our Producer Connect platform is the CBG flower from Fleurish’s newest brand, Growtown, a licensed cannabis producer based in Kemptville, Ontario.

See more Cannametrics News

What You Need to Know About CO2 Cannabis Extraction

Cannabis extraction involves pulling the desired compounds out of the plant while leaving behind everything else.  It’s an integral part of creating cannabis edibles, vapes, topicals, tinctures, shatter, wax, and other concentrated products. 

Both recreational and medical cannabis users are increasingly concerned about the safety of solvent-based cannabis extraction, particularly with butane and other hydrocarbons.

In contrast, carbon dioxide (CO2) extraction is seen as a safer, cleaner, environmentally friendly alternative. Here’s what your customers should know about this cannabis extraction method and why they might prefer it.

What is CO2 Extraction?

Although it has a history of use in coffee and other industries, CO2 extraction is relatively new to the world of cannabis. It uses pressurized carbon dioxide to separate cannabinoids, terpenes, and other phytochemicals from cannabis flower. 

This process is highly tunable, which means it can be tweaked to isolate specific compounds. CO2 extraction is used to create a wide variety of concentrated cannabis products, including vapes, tinctures, and edibles.

There are two types of CO2 extraction: supercritical and subcritical.

Supercritical extraction is far more common and involves pressurizing and heating carbon dioxide to turn it into a supercritical fluid that behaves like a gas and liquid at the same time. In this state, CO2 becomes an efficient solvent and can be used to make products on a large scale.

Subcritical extraction uses similar pressures but lower temperatures. It’s a much slower process that produces a lower yield, so it’s not that widely used. However, it does a better job of retaining terpenes and other fragile molecules. 

That’s why some CBD and cannabis companies use this method to create artisanal extracts that are as close to natural as possible. The resulting products are often called “raw” because they contain higher levels of cannabinoid acids like CBDA and THCA.

CO2 Extraction: Benefits for Consumers

From a cannabis consumer standpoint, the key advantage of CO2 extraction is cleanliness and safety.

Some cannabis users are concerned about residual solvents left behind by ethanol and hydrocarbon extraction, which isn’t an issue with CO2 because it’s completely safe and simply turns back into gas after the extraction process.

CO2 is also considered green and environmentally friendly.1

Unlike hydrocarbons, carbon dioxide is nontoxic, nonflammable, renewable, and doesn’t harm the environment. It can also be captured and reused in subsequent extractions, further reducing its environmental impact.

One Step of the Process

CO2 extraction is just one step in the process of going from raw cannabis plant material to the finished product. There’s also preparation of the plants and refinement of the extract.

To illustrate, the cannabis extraction experts at Ontario’s Motif Labs use a 10-step process to create pure, potent cannabis oils. 

First, they select high-quality cannabis or hemp biomass and reduce its size by milling. Next, the cannabis is decarboxylated to convert cannabinoid acids (like THCA and CBDA) into their active forms (THC and CBD) and then extracted with supercritical CO2.

The resulting crude extract undergoes further refinement, which includes winterization to remove fats, waxes, and lipids, filtration, a second decarboxylation, double distillation, and finally precision blending. This advanced process is used to create odourless, tasteless, clear cannabis oils with high concentrations of THC or CBD.

Helping Consumers Understand CO2 Extraction

CO2 extraction is a clean, safe, and environmentally-friendly method that can produce high-quality cannabis extracts. 

Tinctures, vapes, edibles, and other products made through this technique are a good choice for cannabis consumers concerned about residual solvents.

If your customers are looking for artisanal products that are as close to natural as possible, they might also prefer those made with subcritical CO2. Our Cannametrics platform includes a wide array of cannabis products made with CO2 extraction.

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Hello, my strain is: Haze

Before we jump into our sticky pool of terp data, it’s important to note that Haze, unlike the “cake” and “cheese” strains, has a much broader gene pool and therefore the definition of which strains fall into this category is, well, hazy. 

A CBD Haze Craze?

From our “haze” samples, two out of 5 sample products are named “Mango Haze” and, interestingly, both of them show a somewhat balanced THC:CBD ratio. Traditionally, mango hazes are usually high THC and called but these have been crossed with CBD hemp strains to create more of a 1:1. Similarly, the Organic Skunk Haze used in this study was also a more balanced THC:CBD  product meaning that 3 out of our 5 samples are “balanced” flower, which we found surprising from a strain that is thought to be a classic “Sativa”.

The 5 samples we tested for this are:

The Terpenes Found in "Haze" Strains

Looking at our Haze samples we wanted to know what exactly gives it that characteristic “Haze” flavor, aroma and effect. Haze is known to have a sweet and often citrusy aroma with undertones of earth and spice. How similar are these “hazes” even after the extensive cross breeding that has occurred? Our test was able to find the top terpenes for these 5 samples.

The chart below shows the top terpenes for these 5 samples. 

#1 Beta Myrcene

  • The dominant terpene in the sample set is Beta Myrcene, appearing as the top terp for 3 samples and in the top 2 for 4 out of 5 samples. Not a big surprise here as it is the most common terp in commercial cannabis and the “mango” terpene.

#2 Caryophyllene

  • The pepper terp accounts for the “spicy” note in hazes and was found in the top 4 terpenes for all our samples and as the top terp in the Organic Skunk Haze. 

#3 Ocimene

  • This terpene is often used in perfume due to its sweet, floral and spicy aroma, which sounds almost exactly like the profile that Haze is known for.  Ocimine was found in the top 5 terpenes for 3 out of 5 samples and was the second most abundant in the Mango Haze. It was found in both “Mango hazes”

#5 Alpha-Bisabolol

  • This is a far less common terpene with a floral smell and a growing literature around its pain-killing and anti-inflammatory properties. Found in the top 5 for 3 out of the 5 strains and #2 in the Organic Skunk Haze after Caryophyllene.

Interestingly, limonene was not in the top 5 for the Lemon Haze but was in Ghost Train Haze.

A Hazy History

Haze genetics have quite a long history and are often referred to as the genetic backbone of many hybridized sativa strains we see in today’s markets. Legend often suggests that the original Haze genetics come from two brothers living in Santa Cruz, California in the 1970’s crossing a Mexican landrace with a Colombian landrace, crossing its offspring with an Indian landrace, then crossing those offspring with a Thai landrace and poof, OG haze!

The lore continues that the original Haze genetics were then brought to Amsterdam in the early 1980’s where they were crossed with other prized genetics to create some of the most well-known strains in existence to this day: Neville’s Haze, Purple Haze (with its  impact on Jimi Hendrix), Amnesia Haze, Silver Haze, etc. 

From there, these classic cultivars have been bred even further to create hundreds of different varieties of haze-derived genetics that we see today. Which means that the definition of this strain family is, well, a little hazy, with a wider variance in terpene profiles than we have seen in our cake or cheese categories.

Stay tuned as we continue this series! Up next: Fuel.

If you’d like to learn more about terpenes, check out our posts about primary terpenes and secondary terpenes.

Cannabis Terpenes 101: Secondary Terpenes

Understanding terpene basics and why they matter​

Terpenes are aromatic molecules that give cannabis and other plants their distinct aromas. In our previous post, we got acquainted with dominant cannabis terpenes.

This time around, we’re focusing on secondary cannabis terpenes, which are typically present in much smaller concentrations. While they might not be as important as their dominant cousins, secondary terpenes still contribute to the flavors and effects of cannabis.

Strains Rich In Secondary Terpenes

Although all cannabis strains contain them, secondary terpenes rarely break into the top three terpenes by concentration. For example, linalool is the third most abundant terpene in only a handful of strains, including Do-Si-Dos, Scooby Snacks, and Zkittlez, making these strains rather unique. 

Here’s a closer look at the ten most notable secondary cannabis terpenes: carene, camphene, caryophyllene oxide, fenchol, humulene, linalool, phellandrene, beta-pinene, terpinene, and terpineol.

Carene

Also known as delta-3 carene, this terpene has a sweet smell reminiscent of turpentine. Aside from cannabis, it’s also found in pine trees, rosemary, and other plants.Studies have shown that carene has anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties 1 and may support bone health.2 It’s also been shown to promote sleep by interacting with GABA receptors in the brain.3

Camphene​

Camphene is another terpene common in conifer and camphor trees, as well as valerian, nutmeg, and other plants.

It has a cooling, piney, camphor-like odor with hints of citrus. Early research suggests that it may be able to lower cholesterol and triglycerides4 and help with inflammation and pain.5

Caryophyllene Oxide​

Caryophyllene oxide is a different form of beta-caryophyllene, one of the dominant terpenes in cannabis. It’s found in the same kinds of plants, such as basil, cloves, and pepper, and has a woody scent.

Caryophyllene oxide has similar effects to regular caryophyllene, including pain-relieving, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, and antiviral properties.6

Fenchol

Also known as fenchyl alcohol, fenchol is common in basil and aster flowers. It has camphor and lemon-like flavor and may have pain-relieving qualities.7

Humulene

Humulene has an earthy, woody, and spicy scent and is common in hops. It hasn’t seen much research aside from studies highlighting its anti-inflammatory properties.8

Linalool

One of the most recognized secondary terpenes in cannabis, linalool has a floral odor and is also found in lavender and coriander.

It’s been shown to have many beneficial properties, including sedative, anxiolytic (anxiety-reducing), antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antimicrobial, neuroprotective, antidiabetic, and pain-relieving effects.9, 10

Phellandrene

Phellandrene is an under-researched terpene that’s found in eucalyptus plants and has a complex flavor with hints of mint, citrus, pepper, spice, and wood. It may have antidepressant and antihyperalgesic (reduced sensitivity to pain) effects.11

Beta-Pinene

Beta-pinene is the lesser-known cousin of alpha-pinene, one of the dominant cannabis terpenes. It has a woody, pine-like aroma and is common in pines and some other trees.Studies suggest that it may have anxiolytic, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, anticonvulsant, antimicrobial, anticancer, antioxidant, and gastroprotective properties.12

Terpinene

Terpinene is common in eucalyptus, citrus, cardamom, tea tree, and other plants, and has a refreshing, woody scent. It’s been demonstrated to have anti-inflammatory,13 antioxidant,14 and anticancer effects.15

Terpineol

Terpineol is abundant in lilac, pine, and lime blossom, and has a lilac-like aroma. Research suggests that it may have anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, anticancer, and antidepressant properties.16, 17, 18

Summing Up

Secondary terpenes contribute to the flavor and effects of cannabis, with each strain having a unique terpene profile.

While they might not play as big of a role as their dominant cousins, secondary terpenes are still important. For example, strains rich in limonene can be a good option for calming, uplifting effects.

You can search products by their terpene profile and look for specific secondary terpenes in our Producer Connect database.

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